LC Houtsma - Tuesday, 30th July 2013

Coming for 10 years in Ireland now. So I'm a bit done with the touristic attractions, Especially in the Kenmare / Killarney region. So now I'm trying to see the things that not all the tourists see like ruined castles, ringforts and stonecircles. Especially the stonecircles raise my interest. Why? I don't know exactly...think it is a treasure to find them. I've been to Dromatouk so far and yes... I also saw the one in Kenmare.... but that is not a challenge! This year I tried to find the ones at Lackaroe and Drombohilly, but didn't succeed. Maybe next year I will. It is a pleasure to read your stories and see the pictures. At least I know what it should look like. Maybe the pictures will also help me to find them next time. This weekend I'm going to do a cursion learning to use a GPS-system. I hope that will make the sites easier to find. I hope I'm still in time to see the stonecircles in a rather good shape. Or to be able to reach them anyway as there are more fences and houses now than a couple of years ago. it is shocking me that the stonecircles are lately so overgrown with grass and trees. I think I should leave them the way they are... but I feel like taking some tools with me to take away the grass and to put the trees somewhere else! These sites are here for so long and I get the feeling that people / farmers / landowners are taking so little care of there cultural heritage. Because it suites them better now in farming, in a couple of years sites will be destroyed while the sites were there already for so long, much longer existing than farmers / landowners are or ever will! People are only here on earth for a short while, so who are we to destroy such ancient sites?! I think the Irish (landowners / farmers) should be proud of there heritage and should protect it. There is so much farmland in Ireland, than why should they farm near such ancient sites?! Isn't there an organisation that protects such sites?

Terence - Friday, 11th May 2012

I'm very impressed with your dedication to Ancient Mystic
Ireland your site is very imformative I enjoy it immensely
I live under the shadow of a double Ringfort(figure of 8) here in Co.Roscommon.When on its summit you get a panoramic veiw and can see for Miles around just like our Ancient kin/folk could.Thank you for putting in the effort and all the hard work for folk like me to enjoy.
Regards Terence

Peter Vallance - Wednesday, 2nd May 2012

Yes like others cannot get contact page to work.
I bought your Monu-mental Dublin book as I was hoping to find this carved slab in it (pic follows) Any chance you know wheer it is. I am coming over to Dublin this weekend for a few days, thanks, Peter my email CENSORED
OK cannot leave url for pic. Its a carved slab with three concentric circles somewhere in Tully

Terence Shumaker - Tuesday, 20th March 2012

We're making our first visit to Ireland in September. Discovered your great site via geological web search on Ireland. We'll be staying in county Kerry and hope to visit some of this sites you have listed in such an impressively organized manner.

Thanks for your time and effort. In just a half hour I have learned an incredible amount about Irish megaliths. Any more time spent on your site could turn to "mania".

Rod Large - Wednesday, 22nd February 2012

Contact page does not work. CAn you take off the verify nonsense?

ERIC WALMSLEY - Friday, 13th January 2012

Hello,I can't get your contact page to work! I would really like a photo of the Buncarrick Stone to illustrate a chapter of my book on Dark age battles.

In particular, the photo of the stone in the sunlight, showing the shoulder on the left side (portrait shape)

Please advise cost. I will give the usual credits.

Kind Regards, Eric Walmsley

ann marie - Thursday, 12th January 2012

great site Tom, just bookmarked it so that i can work my way through all of your info. thanks for making it freely available!

James Burke - Sunday, 31st July 2011

Great work Tom.

Here's another for you one day...

Great stone circle and burial chamber here:

Kilmacoliver hill, Co Kilkenny, Tullahought village.

Nice looped walk from lovely village of Tullahough. Be aware of cattle wandering around but they didn't bother us when we climbed the hill. Kids enjoyed it too, so not too strenuous.

There's a smartphone app for it too but you won't need it. see Trail Kilkenny

Dr. R.M. de Jonge - Saturday, 2nd July 2011

(Cairn T, Loughcrew, Co. Meath, Ireland, c.3200 BC)

Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, CENSORED
J.S. Wakefield ©, CENSORED

The petroglyphs on the endstone C8 of the passage grave of Cairn T in Loughcrew, Co. Meath, Ireland, dated c.3200 BC, tell the story of the discovery of the islands in the North Atlantic Ocean: Canary Islands c.5700 BC, Shetland Islands c.5500 BC, Cape Verde Islands c.4600 BC, Madeira c.4200 BC, Rockall c.4100 BC, Azores c.3600 BC, Faroes and Iceland c.3400 BC, Cape Holm (Greenland) c.3300 BC, and S and SW Capes of Greenland c.3200 BC.

The complex of Loughcrew is located near the Boyne River, west of New-grange, Ireland, about 60km from the east coast. This “megalithic cemete-ry" consists of many graves, which are situated inside cairns, on three gras-sy hilltops now being grazed by cows and sheep (Refs.1-5).

The most important passage grave is in Cairn T, on top of the highest hill of Loughcrew. The cairn, including the passage grave, is oriented to the west. The westernmost chamber will be the most important one, and within this chamber the westernmost stone. In accord with this state-ment, the end-stone C8 has been engraved in a surprisingly beautiful fashion (Fig.1).

This is a story in ideograms, a quantitative picture writing, actually the ol-dest written history on Earth. It is the story of the attempts to reach the o-ther side of the world, that is to cross the Ocean (c.3200 BC). These ima-ges are a unique form of picture writing, and are the most beautiful mega-lithic petroglyphs of the British Isles. We consider them the second best in Europe, after the petroglyphs of Dissig-nac, Brittany, France (Refs.6-11).

As in many other examples of cave and stone art, the natural shape of the stone has been used as part of the work, the surface of the stone being an endless sea that is now called the North Atlantic Ocean. As drawn in detail in Fig.1, note the coast of Europe on the right, Greenland in the north, and the other, unknown side of the Ocean on the left. The proof of the story lies in the inscriptions themselves. Each figure represents a number. By adding the numbers, the actual and true degrees of latitude of the discovered land-points are obtained, and all in historical order!

Discovery of the Islands in the Ocean
“A long time ago (Fig.1), we travelled with a sailing boat (A) from the Strait of Gibraltar (A) at 36N, via the Canary Islands (B) to Cape Verde (C) at 15N (A+B+C=6+-6+3=15). We wanted to cross (D) the North At-lantic Ocean (the surface area of the stone) at the latitude of the Tropic of Cancer, at 23N (A+B-+C+-D=6+6+3+8-=23), in honor of the SunGod Ra, but we were not able to do so. However, from Cape Verde we discovered the Cape Verde Islands (C) at 15, 16, and 17N (B+D+C1+C2+C-3=6+8+-1+1+1). But still we were not able to cross the Ocean.

Later, we discovered from the Canary Islands (B), the two islands of Ma-deira (E and F) at 33N (A-F=33). At about the same time we discovered from the British Isles (G), west of Scotland (G'), the islet of Rockall (G''), at 57N (A-G+G'+G-''-=41-+8+-8=57). These islands gave a little bit hope (E and G'' are stars).

Then, after some time, we discovered from Madeira (E) the three island groups of the Azores (F,H and I), at 37, 38, and 39N (36+Aa=36+1+1-+1). These islands lie in the middle of the Ocean (H and I are glyphs of the ocean with lines in the middle of them). But still we were not able to cross the Ocean!

Finally, we discovered from the Orkney's (J) at 59N (A-H+J=-50+9-=59) the Faroes (K) at 62N (A-I+K=58+4=62), and from the Faroes we reached the SE coast of Iceland (L) at 64N (A-I+L=-58+6=-64). The sailing distan-ces are only 4 Egyptian moiras= 4° (G'a=G'b=4) (1 degree= 111km). Ice-land (L) lies like the Azores (H and I) in the middle of the Ocean (L re-sembles H and I).

Thanks to the SunGod, we discovered from the NW peninsula of Iceland (L') at 66N (64+L'=64+2=6-6) Cape Holm (M) at the SE coast of Green-land, which lies on the Arctic Circle (M) at 67N (A-I+M=58+9=67). The sailing distance is 5 moiras= 5° (the waves go up and down 5 times). Cape Holm (M) can be reached from Cape Raven (M'), at 69N (67+M'=67+2-=69), in the easiest way.

From Cape Holm (M) we went 7 (N+O+P=1+1+5=7) to the south to Cape Farvel (P), the south cape of Greenland, at 60N (67-7=60). From there we went 1 (O=1) to the north to the SW Cape (O) at 61N (60+1=61). But at these places we gave up (P, the little man).”

Fig.1 Stone C8 from our book Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade (Ref.7).

Fig.1 also provides the dates of the discoveries, because each important glyph represents a century (100 years). De vague inscriptions Z en Z’ do not count, because these were added later. The waves on top of the stone do not count either, because these represent water, and the little circles N and O are too small.

Above glyph M (Cape Holm, Greenland) are three little carvings, which in-dicate that the islet of Jan Mayen (JM) (above Iceland) was discovered 2½ centuries after the construction of this passage grave, so 250 years after c.-3200 BC, or c.2950 BC (Fig.2).

The passage grave of Loughcrew was built c.3200 BC (P), because people gave up their attempts to cross the Ocean at Cape Farvel (P), the south cape of Greenland (Refs.1-5,13-16). Greenland was discovered at Cape Holm (M), one century earlier, c.3300 BC (M). Iceland (L) was discovered an-other century earlier, at c.3400 BC (L). The Faroes (K) were discovered si-multaneously, because the sailing distance to Iceland was equal to the one to discover this archipelago (both 4° = 444km).

Two centuries earlier (K+I), the (West) Azores (I) were discovered, c.3600 BC (I). - The islands were discovered from south to north, so now we fol-low the glyphs the other way around, from north to south. The 5 glyphs H,-J,F, G+G’ and G” give the discovery of Rockall (G”), 5 centuries prior to that, c.4100 BC (H attached to G”, G’ resembles G”). The remaining glyph E provides the discovery of Madeira (E), one century earlier, c.4200 BC.

The 4 lower glyphs D,B,A and C provide the discovery of the Cape Verde Islands (C), 4 centuries earlier, c.4600 BC. - So far the dates over 15 centu-ries, between 3200 BC and 4600 BC, are given by 15 glyphs. However, the glyphs J,G”,F and E, lying on a straight piece of line, are less beautiful than the other glyphs. Of the remaining 15-4= 11 glyphs, 9 are really nice, enco-ding the discovery of the Shetland Islands (J’), 9 centuries earlier, c.5500 BC. The 2 other glyphs (K and P) refer to the discovery the Canary Islands (B), 2 centuries prior to it, c.5700 BC.

The mentioned discovery dates have an accuracy of about a century (±100 years). They are equal to the dates given by the passage grave of Karleby (Falbygden, Sweden), which is from c.2950 BC (discovery of Jan Mayen) (Refs.7,9-12). – Loughcrew is located at 54°N. It refers to the Strait of Gi-braltar (A) located at the complementary latitude of 90-54= 36°N, also en-coding the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moiras, or 360°. So, the ultimate goal was to circumnavigate the Earth.

People gave up their attempts to cross the Ocean at Cape Farvel, c.3200 BC. The monument of Stonehenge I in South England (also c.3200 BC) confirms it, as well as the discovery of Greenland at Cape Holm, one cen-tury earlier. The passage grave of Gavrinis, Brittany (c.3500 BC), confirms the discovery of the Azores, also one century earlier. The inscriptions on both sides of the Tablet of Paredes, Galicia, Spain, and of Dissignac, Brit-tany, confirm the almost simultaneous discoveries of Madeira and Rockall. The passage grave of Kercado, Brittany (c.4500 BC) confirms the discove-ry of the Cape Verde Islands, one century earlier, too. In all cases the mo-numents were built one century later, after the coastal waters around the is-lands were fully explored (Refs.6-19).

Fig.2 Date Table from our book Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade (Ref.7).

1. Twohig, E. Shee, The Megalithic Art of Western Europe, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981.
2. Twohig, E. Shee, Irish Megalithic Tombs, Shire Archaeology, 1990 (ISBN 0-7478-0094-4).
3. O’Sullivan, M., Megalithic Art in Ireland, Country House, Dublin, 1993 (ISBN 0-946172-36-6).
4. Eogan, G., Knowth, and the Passage Tombs of Ireland, Thames and Hudson, 1986 (ISBN 0-500-39023-1).
5. Balfour, M., Megalithic Mysteries - An Illustrated Guide to Europe's Ancient Sites, Collins & Brown, 1992 (ISBN 1-85-585-3558).
6. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A Guide to Megalithic Sites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website:
7. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the At-lantic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98083. Website:
8. De Jonge, R.M., and IJzereef, G.F., De Stenen Spreken, Kosmos Z & K, Utrecht/ Ant-werpen, 1996 (ISBN 90-215-2846-0) (Dutch).
9. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient American, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).
10. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Migra-tion & Diffusion, Vol.3, No.11, pgs.69-109 (2002).
11. De Jonge, R.M., Website:
12. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., "The Passage Grave of Karleby, Encoding the Islands Discovered in the Ocean, c.2950 BC", Migration & Diffusion, Vol.5, No.18, pgs.64-74 (2004).
13. Dames, M., Mythic Ireland, Thames & Hudson, London, 1992 (ISBN 0-500-27872-5)
14. Richards, J., Stonehenge, English Heritage, 1992 (ISBN 0-7134-6142-X).
15. Atkinson, R.J.C., Stonehenge, 1979.
16. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “Greenland, Bridge between the Old and New World”, Ancient American, Vol.11, No.67, pgs.12-19 (2006).
17. Le Roux, C-T., Gavrinis, Ed. Gisserot, 1995 (ISBN 2-87747-145-4) (French).
18. Briard, J., The Megaliths of Brittany, 1991 (ISBN 2-87747-063-6).
19. Wachsmann, S., Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, College Station, Texas, 1998 (ISBN 0-7141-1735-8).

Paul Hugh Reilly - Monday, 3rd May 2010

I just moved house from the Laois - Kilkenny border to the US as an economic immigrant. I have spent most of the last 10 - 15 years tracking down, observing and recording Neolithic artwork.

Your site is excellent. I wish I knew about it when I was driving to and fro on muddy, bloody laneways looking for stones that were overgrown or hidden. One ogam stone in particular was inside a church. This is near Knockroe & Windgap, KK. I only realised it when after about 2 hours I had eliminated every other remote possibility.

Mind you, the exhilaration of finally finding the stone was triumphant.

I love seeing in situ the elemental bits of our heritage that show the development of our language, art & culture.

Preserve the heritage. If you don’t you know the government will build a dual carriageway over it, so it will.

Thank you.

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